Crucial facts about wine you should know

It does not matter whether you are real wine devotee or you just relish this drink from time to time, there are several facts about this popular drink you should certainly know. This article will help you to widen your knowledge about wine.

The most common types of wine

First of all, let’s start with the most popular wine types. If you are new to the wine industry, you might think we are speaking about the categorisation by the amount of sugar or colour of the drink. In this case, we mean the most common grape species which are popularly called “international varieties”. All in all, the list of these grape varieties currently include eighteen species. They are Pinot Noir, Merlot, Grenache, Nebbiolo, Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, Tempranillo, Malbec and Syrah when it comes to red grape.

The current list of white noble grape includes Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Moscato, Chenin Blanc, Semillon, Gewurztraminer, Chardonnay, Viognier.

The most crucial geographical areas for wine production

It is not difficult to guess what the top regions of wine production are. These are three countries: Spain, Italy and France and their significance on the wine market is immense. First of all, they are featured with the highest production of wine and actually, the majority of the wine on the market is coming from these locations. Secondly, the largest variety of grape species is available in these countries. Actually, all of the international varieties of grape listed above are available in these countries.

Finally, these countries are also regarded as the manufacturers of the best wine in the entire world.

The most basic characteristics of the wine flavours

Even if you have never been interested in the culture of wine drinking and have no idea about the characteristics of this drink used by experts for describing the wine flavour, you are still aware of the complexity of this task. Actually, there are entire systems used for describing the taste of wine, however, for the simplicity, let’s refer to the three most important of them.

The term tartness is used for describing the acidity which can be found in many types of wine. The burning or warming sensation which can usually be felt at the back of your throat after having a sip of wine depends on the amount of alcohol in the wine.

Some types of wine are also rich in bitter flavour which is sometimes referred to as dryness. This characteristic is called tannin in the wine industry.